Jung & Vassar, P.C.
75-5722 Kuakini Highway, Suite 100 Kailua-Kona HI 96740

About Us


    FRANCIS L. JUNG was born in Philadelphia in 1947 and received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Dayton; his Juris Doctor degree cum laude from the New England School of Law in Boston where he also served as a member of the Editorial Board of the New England Law Review; and his Master of Laws (LL.M.) degree from Harvard Law School.  While a student in law school, Mr. Jung interned as a legal assistant to the Massachusetts Attorney General in the Charitable Trust Division.  After graduation, Mr. Jung practiced law in Washington, D. C. primarily in the fields of International Trade and Antitrust Law.   In 1980, Mr. Jung was nominated by President Carter to serve as a Member of the United States Foreign Claims Settlement Commission ("USFCSC") and was confirmed in that position by the United States Senate. While serving as a USFCSC Commissioner under both Presidents Carter and Reagan, Mr. Jung adjudicated the validity and value of over 1500 claims filed by U.S. citizens and corporations against both the Peoples Republic of China and the German Democratic Republic involving unlawful physical and regulatory takings by those countries. The members of the USFCSC based their awards upon applicable International Law, including  applicable U.S. Constitutional Law. By Act of Congress, the decisions of the USFCSC were final and not subject to review by any other official, department, or agency of the United States, or by any court by mandamus or otherwise.  In 1986, Mr. Jung and his partner, Thomas Vassar, commenced their practice together in Washington, D.C.   Messrs. Jung and Vassar were admitted to practice in Hawaii in 1991.

In 1992, as counsel to a U.S. Claimant, Mr. Jung successfully sued the Islamic Republic of Iran in the Hague, Netherlands for the wrongful taking of property owned by a citizen of the United States during the overthrow of the Shah. Additionally, Mr. Jung has advised the Embassy of Japan, the Japan Fisheries Association, Electronic Industries Association of Japan (AEIAJ@) and the Japanese Auto Manufacturers Association (AJAMA@) regarding effects of U.S. fisheries and trade laws.  He has also lectured on U.S. corporate and trade law at the Embassy of the People's Republic of China and has represented clients before the United States Treasury Department and International Trade Commission and served as defense counsel in antitrust cases involving U.S. and foreign  corporations.

Mr. Jung has 46 years of experience in Washington, D.C. and Hawaii as a practicing attorney in the fields of real estate development, public and private international law, corporate law and civil litigation.  Mr. Jung has been admitted to practice law in New Jersey, Hawaii and the District of Columbia.

        THOMAS W. VASSAR was born in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1955 and received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Maryland where he majored in Chinese studies with emphasis on Mandarin Chinese language training.  A portion of the Mandarin language studies consisted of intensive tutorial lessons at the Taiwan Normal University in Taipei, Taiwan.  Mr. Vassar also studied French at the L' Alliance Francaise, a division of the Sorbonne, in Paris, France and received his Juris Doctor degree from the American University, Washington College of Law in Washington, D.C. in 1982.  Mr. Vassar has  39 years of experience in Maryland, Virginia, Washington, D.C. and Hawaii as a practicing attorney in the fields of business law, business litigation, international law,  corporate law and  real estate.  Mr. Vassar also serves in a Trustee capacity for several large private trusts.

Since graduation from law school Mr. Vassar has practiced law in the Washington D.C. area.  Being conversant in Mandarin Chinese, Mr. Vassar has negotiated or assisted in the negotiation and drafting of joint venture and related agreements in connection with corporate development in and with the Peoples' Republic of China since 1985.  These joint ventures have involved microcomputer systems, electronic products, circuit boards, capacitors, advanced technology hot water heaters and commercial/resort real estate developments.  Mr. Vassar has also assisted American companies with their business negotiations in China and has represented Chinese companies doing business in the United States.

 Mr. Vassar’s experience includes drafting and negotiation of real estate purchase agreements, commercial and residential leases, management and other real estate contracts, corporate, partnership and limited liability company formation and operations, business acquisitions,  business negotiations, intellectual property law, trademark law and computer software law.  He has extensive experience in  business litigation and has won several punitive damage awards for clients in a business context.  Additionally, Mr. Vassar has represented clients in high-profile cases before the U.S. Congress.

Mr. Vassar manages the Washington, D.C. office of Jung & Vassar.  Mr. Vassar is admitted to practice law in Maryland, Virginia, the District of Columbia and Hawaii.


    CAROL MONAHAN JUNG was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania in 1955.   From 1984 through 1988, Ms. Jung acted as Executive Assistant to the Chairman of the National Democratic Committee in Washington, D.C.  Prior to working with the Democratic National Committee, Ms. Jung managed the Washington, D. C. office of the Philadephia based law firm of Dilworth, Paxson, Kalish & Kauffman. She is a graduate of the University of Hawaii at Hilo, where she received her Bachelor of Arts degree summa cum laude in 1992, and the Dickinson School of Law, Pennsylvania State University, where she received her Juris Doctor degree in 1997.  While at Dickinson, Ms. Jung served as law clerk to the Corporation Counsel of the City of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. After graduation from law school, she served as law clerk to Judge Ronald Ibarra in the Circuit Court of the Third Circuit, Kona Division between 1998 and 2003.  

 During her tenure as law clerk to Judge Ibarra, Ms. Jung assisted the Court with respect to all civil matters before the Court, including land use, commercial, corporate, tort and government related cases.  Ms. Jung has 16 years of experience in Hawaii as a practicing attorney, and she is admitted to practice law in Utah and Hawaii.
 Ms. Jung’s experience includes drafting and negotiation of real estate purchase agreements, commercial and residential leases, management and other real estate contracts, corporate, partnership and limited liability company formation and operations, business acquisitions, and business negotiations. She also has experience in real estate and business litigation.  


    DAVID HARRISON LAWTON was raised in Moorestown, New Jersey and received a Bachelor of Science in Hotel-Restaurant/Institutional Management from Johnson & Wales University in Providence, Rhode Island.  In 1999, Mr. Lawton received his Juris Doctor degree from Southwestern University School of Law in Los Angeles, California. While at Southwestern, Mr. Lawton served as a writer for the Southwestern University Commentator, the managing editor of The Advocates, clerked for the Honorable Judge Thomas Schneider, Supervising Judge of the Superior Court of California in Van Nuys, California and studied International Law at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia.

After graduation from law school Mr. Lawton served as the law clerk to the Honorable Judge Ronald Ibarra in the Circuit Court of the Third Circuit, Kona Division. Thereafter, Mr. Lawton joined Crudele, DeLima & Shiroma in Hilo, Hawaii as a trial attorney with an emphasis in commercial litigation, commercial landlord-tenant, contract law, tort and family law.  After starting a family, Mr. Lawton opened a solo law office in Kailua-Kona, Hawaii serving the needs of the Big Island and from 2000-2010 handled over sixty trials and more than two-thousand courtroom appearances. In 2011, Mr. Lawton joined the Gallagher Law Group (“GLG”) in Los Angeles, California where he focused his practice on toxic torts, environmental law, civil litigation and appellate matters.  His environmental experience includes matters involving the Compensation Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("CERCLA"), the
Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act ("MSA"), the National Environmental Policy Act ("NEPA") and the Administrative Procedure Act ("APA").
While at GLG, Mr. Lawton represented the County of San Bernardino in City of Colton v. American Promotional Events, Inc. -West, et al., in both federal and state court litigation involving perchlorate and TCE contamination in the Rialto-Colton Basin, known then as the B.F. Goodrich Superfund Site, and was instrumental in obtaining an order confirming the County’s good faith settlement and in negotiating subsequent cash-out and work consent decrees to resolve the litigation. Mr. Lawton was a senior advisor to the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power regarding compliance with the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (“NCP”), was a frequent presenter to insurers, attorneys, and administrators on issues of subrogation, indemnification and environmental compliance and was GLG’s lead litigation attorney in Food and Water Watch, Inc. v. National Marine Fisheries Service, et al., involving the MSA, and the issuance of the first commercial aquaculture permit allowing operation in federal waters off the coast of Hawaii. He successfully argued this matter before the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, reversing and remanding the decision of U.S. District Court, District of Hawaii.

Mr. Lawton is admitted to practice before all Hawaii and California state courts, as well as being admitted and having argued before the U.S. District Court, Central District of California, the U.S. District Court, Southern District of California, the U.S. District Court, District of Hawaii, and the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Mr. Lawton has also successfully appeared pro hac vice before the U.S. District Courts for the District of Arizona and the District of Nevada.



75-5722 Kuakini Highway, Suite 100 Kailua-Kona HI 96740
Phone: (808) 326-4852
Fax: (808) 326-7904